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Brownie is a Python-based development and testing framework for smart contracts targeting the Ethereum Virtual Machine. In this tutorial, we will guide you through configuring Brownie (or eth-brownie) for Conflux eSpace and demonstrate how to use Brownie scripts to deploy contracts on Conflux eSpace.

Install Brownie


To avoid dependency conflicts, it is recommended to create virtual environments before installing eth-brownie. Tools like venv or conda can be used for this purpose.

Execute the following command to install Brownie:

pip install eth-brownie # or pip3 install eth-brownie

Add Conflux eSpace Networks

To add the Conflux eSpace networks to Brownie, execute these commands:

brownie networks add "Conflux eSpace" conflux-espace-main name=Mainnet host= explorer= chainid=1030
brownie networks add "Conflux eSpace" conflux-espace-test name=Testnet host= explorer= chainid=71

Alternatively, import the Conflux eSpace networks to Brownie using a yaml file:

- name: Conflux eSpace
- chainid: 1030
id: conflux-espace-main
name: Mainnet
- chainid: 71
id: conflux-espace-test
name: Testnet

Then, run the following command to add them to your network configuration:

brownie networks import ./network-config.yaml

Upon successful addition, the networks will appear in the Brownie network list, as shown by running brownie networks list:


Conflux eSpace
├─Testnet: conflux-espace-test
└─Mainnet: conflux-espace-main


Generate Template Token Project

To generate a template token project, run brownie bake token. The project will be created in the current folder. For this tutorial, we will place the project directly under the user directory:

cd ~
brownie bake token
cd token

Generate/Import Your Account

You have the option to either generate a new account or import an existing one for Brownie.

Generate a New Account

To create a new account via the command line:

brownie accounts generate <id>

You will be prompted to set a password for the account. Brownie will then generate a random private key and make the account accessible as <id>. The address of the new account will be displayed in the terminal, which you will need in subsequent steps.

Here is an example output of the command:

Brownie v1.14.5 - Python development framework for Ethereum

Generating a new private key...
mnemonic: 'park service pull home hedgehog soul grief food people uncle will series'
Enter the password to encrypt this account with:
SUCCESS: A new account '0x960ecb222F296C1D75a111D33094Cb393ab17b09' has been generated with the id 'new'

Import Your Account

If you already have an account, you can import it. To import your private key, run:

# id is the identifier of your account, used to specify the account in scripts
brownie accounts new <id>
# for example, brownie accounts new dev

Brownie will prompt you to enter your secret key and password:

Brownie v1.14.5 - Python development framework for Ethereum

Enter the private key you wish to add: *******************
Enter the password to encrypt this account with: **************
SUCCESS: A new account 'xxxxxxxxxxxx' has been generated with the id 'dev'

It's also possible to import your keystore using:

brownie accounts import <id> <path>

For more information, refer to account management.

Fund Your Account

To send transactions, you need to fund your account. The Conflux's eSpace faucet can assist with this.

After entering your account address, your account will receive funds on the eSpace testnet.

Modify Deployment Script

The default scripts/ in the template token project is not directly usable for the Conflux eSpace testnet. An extra line needs to be added to the default script:


from brownie import Token, accounts

def main():
accounts.load("dev") # Specify which account to load here
return Token.deploy("Test Token", "TST", 18, 1e21, {'from': accounts[0]})


To deploy on the Conflux eSpace testnet, run the following command:

brownie run scripts/ --network conflux-espace-test

Brownie will ask for your password. After entering it, the script will execute and the contract will be deployed:

Brownie v1.14.5 - Python development framework for Ethereum

TokenProject is the active project.

Running 'scripts/'...
Enter the password to unlock this account:
Transaction sent: 0x547675979e80eccfe0665d2ab347cefc8ca3644dbdaddb0572b76cc7a62d1b7b
Gas price: 20.0 gwei Gas limit: 1302100 Nonce: 0
Token.constructor confirmed - Block: 148584450 Gas used: 1043993 (80.18%)
Token deployed at: 0x634757eFE5DD3D27ecf38480c6F2Eac6752E90DB

What to Do Next?

Now that you've deployed your ERC-20 token on Conflux eSpace using Brownie, you can start building upon this foundation:

  1. Explore the Template: Familiarize yourself with the template project you've just deployed. Investigate the functions and structure of the ERC-20 token smart contract. Understanding this template is crucial for further development.

  2. Customization: Begin customizing the token contract. You might want to add unique features or modify the existing functionalities to suit your specific needs. This could include adjusting the token supply, implementing burning mechanisms, or adding voting capabilities.

  3. Develop Additional Scripts: Consider developing additional Brownie scripts to automate tasks like distributing tokens, managing airdrops, or handling token allowances. These scripts can enhance your project's efficiency and functionality.

  4. Basic Front-End Development: If you're inclined, start working on a simple front-end interface. This can be a basic web application that allows users to interact with your token for tasks such as transferring tokens or checking their balance.

By following these steps, you'll be well on your way to further developing your project on Conflux eSpace.

For more examples of using Brownie, explore Brownie's documentation. You are also welcome to ask questions in our community or raise issues on our GitHub repository.