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Create and Deploy CRC721 NFT on Conflux with Hardhat

This tutorial will guide you through the steps to create, write, and deploy an CRC721 NFT smart contract on Conflux CoreSpace using Hardhat. Additionally, it will show you how to view your contract on ConfluxScan.

If you are not familiar with Hardhat, please refer to the Hardhat documentation.


Before you start, make sure you have the following:

  • Node.js installed on your computer.
  • A text editor, such as Visual Studio Code.
  • A basic understanding of smart contract development and the Solidity programming language.

Step 1: Setting Up Your Environment

First, you need to set up your development environment:

mkdir conflux-nft-crc721
cd conflux-nft-crc721
npm init -y
npm install --save-dev hardhat

Now, run the following command to create a Hardhat project:

npx hardhat

When prompted, choose the default project setup by pressing Enter for all questions. This will create a basic Hardhat project setup with all the necessary configurations. After setting up, your project directory should include the Hardhat configuration files.

Create Project

Step 2: Installing Dependencies

Install OpenZeppelin contracts, which provide a secure, audited implementation of ERC721 tokens, And Install Hardhat-Conflux-Plugin, which is built on top of js-conflux-sdk, making its usage for deployment and interaction very similar to that of js-conflux-sdk:

npm install @openzeppelin/contracts hardhat-conflux js-conflux-sdk

For additional information on the Hardhat-Conflux-Plugin, please refer to the Hardhat Conflux Plugin Tutorials. To learn more about the JS-Conflux-SDK, please visit the JS-Conflux-SDK Documentation.

Step 3: Writing the Smart Contract

Create a new file named ConfluxCRC721NFT.sol in the contracts folder and add the following Solidity code:

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.24;

import "@openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC721/extensions/ERC721URIStorage.sol";
import "@openzeppelin/contracts/access/Ownable.sol";

contract ConfluxCRC721NFT is ERC721URIStorage, Ownable {
uint256 public nextTokenId;

string memory name_,
string memory symbol_
) ERC721(name_, symbol_) Ownable(msg.sender) {}

function mint(address to, string memory uri) public onlyOwner {
_safeMint(to, nextTokenId);
_setTokenURI(nextTokenId, uri);

This contract uses OpenZeppelin's ERC721URIStorage and Ownable contracts to create an NFT that only the owner can mint.

Step 4: Configuring Hardhat

Edit the hardhat.config.js to add the Conflux network configuration:



/** @type import('hardhat/config').HardhatUserConfig */
module.exports = {
solidity: "0.8.24",
defaultNetwork: "cfxTestnet",
networks: {
cfx: {
url: "",
accounts: [PRIVATE_KEY],
chainId: 1029,
cfxTestnet: {
url: "",
accounts: [PRIVATE_KEY],
chainId: 1,

Replace YOUR_PRIVATE_KEY_HERE with your private key.

Step 5: Deploying the Contract

Create a deployment script in the scripts folder, named deploy.js:

const hre = require("hardhat");

async function main() {
const signers = await hre.conflux.getSigners();
const defaultAccount = signers[0];

const ConfluxCRC721NFT = await hre.conflux.getContractFactory(
const receipt = await ConfluxCRC721NFT.constructor("Confi", "Confi")
from: defaultAccount.address,

`Contract deployment ${
receipt.outcomeStatus === 0 ? "succeeded" : "failed"

console.log("MerkleTreeNFT deployed to:", receipt.contractCreated);

.then(() => process.exit(0))
.catch((error) => {

Deploy the contract by running:

npx hardhat run scripts/deploy.js --network cfxTestnet

Step 6: Minting an NFT

To mint an NFT, you can use a script that interacts directly with the mint function in your smart contract. This script will mint an NFT to a specified address.

Create another script in the scripts folder and name it mintNFT.js:

This script sets the URI of a specific token, where YOUR_CONTRACT_ADDRESS is the address of your deployed NFT contract and NFT_RECEIVER_ADDRESS is the address of the NFT you want mint to.

const hre = require("hardhat");

async function main() {
const signers = await hre.conflux.getSigners();
const defaultAccount = signers[0];

const contractAddress = "YOUR_CONTRACT_ADDRESS";
const recipientAddress = "NFT_RECEIVER_ADDRESS"; // Address to receive the NFT
const tokenURI =
""; // Replace the example tokenURI with the actual metadata URI for the NFT

const ConfluxCRC721NFT = await hre.conflux.getContractAt(

const receipt = await, tokenURI)
from: defaultAccount.address,

`Minted NFT to ${recipientAddress}: Transaction Hash: ${receipt.transactionHash}`

main().catch((error) => {

Replace YOUR_CONTRACT_ADDRESS with your contract's address and RECIPIENT_WALLET_ADDRESS with the address of the wallet that should receive the NFT.

These steps and scripts allow you to manage the lifecycle of your NFT, from minting to setting metadata, directly through Hardhat scripts. Adjust the tokenURI in both scripts to match your NFT's metadata location.

You will see the following message after successful deployment Deploy Success

Step 7: Viewing Your Contract on ConfluxScan

After deploying your contract, go to ConfluxScan, enter your contract address in the search bar, and you can view your contract's details, transactions, and more.

Details on ConfluxScan

If you wish to verify your contract using Hardhat, please refer to this article.

Step 8: Sponsoring Your Contract (Optional)

Conflux implements a sponsorship mechanism to subsidize the usage of smart contracts. If you want to get your contract sponsored, please refer to the following articles:


This guide provided a step-by-step process for creating, deploying, and managing an CRC721 NFT on Conflux CoreSpace using Hardhat. By following these steps, you can launch your own NFT project on Conflux coreSpace.